Thursday, December 29, 2005

Do pyramids in Greece exist?

Did you know that there are pyramids in Greece too? There are indeed. The pyramid of the photo in the right is known as the pyramid of Helliniko. Helliniko is a small village near Argos in Peloponnisos. The pyramid though, is half destroyed and it's dimensions are smaller than the worldwide known pyramids of Egypt. However, radiocarbon dating has shown that it's much older than those in Giza. Unfortunately Greek government doesn't seem to respect the monument at all.

Imagine that they have built a football (soccer) field near the pyramid, destroying the archaeological site in this way. Fortunately, there are a lot of signs (almost in all over the village) that they guide you towards the pyramid, making it easier to find (The photo you see above was taken by me when I visited the pyramid).

Thursday, July 14, 2005

Philon's of Byzantium automatic maid

Look at the next picture. If you think that is an ancient statue then you are wrong. This magnificent statue is ancient indeed. The thing is that it's not just a statue. It may seem impossible to you, but this is a ROBOT with the form of a statue.
The above automat (automats is the ancient Greek word for robots) was built by Philon of Byzantium, a mechanic of the very well known school of Alexandria. Philon was the connecting ring between Ktisibius (whom was his student) and Heron of Alexandria.
When you put an empty cup to the robot's left hand (normally the left hand was extended), then it was starting to move down (from the cup's weight) towards the stable right hand, which was holding a Oinochoae (a vessel containing wine). When the hand was reaching at the Oinochoae the automatic machine was able to fill the cup with the desirable quantity of wine. Next, the robot was pouring water in the cup mixing it with the wine (the wine in ancient Greece must have been very strong and therefore it needed rarefaction).
Philon describes the construction procedure and the way the automat (robot) worked in great detail.

Monday, January 17, 2005

Artistic representation of Athens

At the right you can see the artistic representation of Athens at the time of it's acme (5th century B.C.).
The photo is based on the archaeological findings and the excavations. It is surely more beautiful than modern Athens (which is built above it), or than any other European city.

In ancient Greece the town and street planning were highly developed. The houses and the streets as well weren't built in random orientation. Each time the area where the city was going to be built, was taken into serious consideration. Street's position was thought to be correct only when the wind was excluded from the secondary roads (where the houses were built). The reason was because cold winds afflict the organism, humidity makes it sick and the hot winds harm it. What they really wanted in ancient Greece was to build a city which wouldn't harm it's citizens with various diseases. The whole matter has of course many parameters which is impossible for me to describe in few lines (the picture is coming from the encyclopedia "Pedia", Edition Modern world pedia 1979, volume 1, word "Athens" - Greek language only).

Wednesday, January 12, 2005

Greeks of the Titanic

Did you know that there were four Greeks on the famous titanic? Indeed... Their names were Panagiotis Lymberopoulos, Vassilios Katavelos, Apostolos and Demetrios Chronopoulos. Unfortunately they all drowned when titinic sank (the sad thing was that all of them were young. The older one was only 33 years old).
They were comming from the same village of Messinia named Aghios Sostis. (There are many villages with the same name in Greece).